MobiHealthNews sat down with Mark Treshock, blockchain options chief for healthcare and life sciences at IBM, to speak about how the expertise may very well be an ingredient in pulling off worldwide COVID-19 vaccine distribution.
“Primarily every of those vaccines, at least those which are at present being mentioned requires two doses, in order that’s two doses for actually each individual on earth, so roughly 15 billion doses or 6 million in america,” Treshock mentioned.
“That’s a stage of enterprise that’s simply past something we’ve carried out as a society. To confound that, it’s the truth that these vaccines are all completely different and they don’t seem to be interchangeable. So though they deal with or vaccinate towards the identical virus, they’re completely different vaccines.”
He famous that all the vaccines that we’ve seen thus far have completely different upkeep necessities as properly, particularly various temperatures. However this isn’t the one difficulty in distribution. Guaranteeing that the vaccines are being shipped to the best place and never diverted or stolen is one other.
“This would be the most sought-after, counterfeit and doubtless diverted drug ever for the primary six to 12 months after it comes out,” he mentioned.
That is one space the place blockchain might assist. He famous that one performance of blockchain helps with provide chain integrity at varied contact factors. Subsequently, he mentioned, blockchain has the potential to trace the vaccines and ensure they haven’t been compromised.
“What you actually need is to have the ability to choose up a bottle or vile of vaccine and … [have a] view of the trail that that vaccine took, to make sure that you are able to do that, to have integrity within the vaccine or temperature [and density], once more maintained underneath temperature situations. As essential as that’s within the U.S., it’s doubly essential within the growing world, the place counterfeit medicine, for instance, are already and unimaginable downside and lead to a tragic lack of life yearly.”
However monitoring the vaccine isn’t the one method blockchain may be employed, he mentioned. It may also be used to assist sufferers maintain monitor of their vaccine information and supply proof of vaccination for journey, faculties and extra.
“The concept is that if I can on my telephone, for instance, have a credential that’s verifiable and immutable that represents, let’s say, the truth that I’ve been vaccinated. I can go and present that to get on an airplane,” he mentioned. “And TSA or an airline can scan that as a lot as they scan your boarding cross at this time. As a result of it’s blockchain, it’s immutable, so it ties again to a really verifiable file that represents my standing, on this case, let’s say it’s vaccinated.”
IBM has been engaged on a construction to handle this very difficulty, known as IBM Well being Go, which might use blockchain to confirm an individual’s COVID-19 standing.
“It’s based mostly on a set of open requirements known as W3C, which outline how federated privateness and the way among the non-public knowledge is saved and shared, which implies that even when a metropolis, or state, or airline makes use of IBM well being cross, it nonetheless interoperable with different techniques that observe this commonplace, and vice versa. So, in that method it’s not locking the world into one proprietary software.”
Treshock mentioned that blockchain may be used to unify information about immunization for the affected person, particularly ensuring that the affected person will get the best vaccine in a set of two.
“The 2-dose problem. The place you want two doses, they must be inside a set time window, let’s say 30 days, they usually must be from the identical producer,” he mentioned. “So, in case your first dose is Pfizer, your second dose must be Pfizer as properly. They aren’t interchangeable. Once we begin administering this vaccine at scale, it’ll be very difficult coordinating that.”
Treshock mentioned he sees all these blockchain techniques working seamlessly collectively. The vaccine dose will likely be tracked, the affected person can have a file of their dose after which the affected person can have proof of their vaccination. He additionally famous that having a file of which batch of vaccine the affected person took may very well be useful for recall conditions.
“As a lot of a tragedy of [COVID-19] is, and it’s an unspeakable tragedy, if we’re in a position to put in place these types of constructions across the provide chain or well being knowledge, that will likely be an incredible accomplishment for us.
“Now we’re talking about provide chain knowledge and the context of [COVID-19], however these similar points are nonetheless there for different medicines as properly, for different vaccines, after which for different medicines normally,” Treshock mentioned. “One factor that the pandemic has demonstrated or made clear is that there actually isn’t nice perception into the place the medication comes from.”